The species Paracirrhites amblycephalus (Bleeker 1857) is considered as valid in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. May 2011: Ref. 86870). Please send references, or more studies are needed.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 91 m (Ref. 37816), usually 1 - 33 m (Ref. 27115). Tropical; 35°N - 35°S, 24°E - 124°W
Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Hawaiian, Line and Mangaréva islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and Rapa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48636)
Occur in lagoon and seaward reefs from 1 to at least 33 m, on heads of small branching corals, e.g. Stylophora, Pocillopora, Acropora (Ref. 9710). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Feed mainly on shrimps, small fishes, crabs, and other crustaceans (Ref. 2334). Solitary (Ref 90102). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 128797.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Distinct pairing. Spawning ascents into the water column occurred over a distance of 0.4 to 1.0 m (Ref. 26305).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.5 - 28.8, mean 27.5 °C (based on 892 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00367 - 0.02375), b=3.07 (2.85 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 70 [44, 106] mg/100g; Iron = 0.693 [0.459, 1.081] mg/100g; Protein = 19 [18, 20] %; Omega3 = 0.162 [0.113, 0.232] g/100g; Selenium = 35.8 [21.2, 57.3] μg/100g; VitaminA = 99.5 [40.1, 251.0] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.55 [1.13, 2.03] mg/100g (wet weight);