Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Xenocyprididae
(East Asian minnows)
Etymology: Parachela: Greek, para = the side of, near + see under Chela. More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: Indochina, Thailand to Borneo and Java.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2686); common length : 10.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57235)
Dorsal fin origin above the 3rd and 4th anal-fin ray; pectoral fin large with dark distal margin, extending beyond tip of pelvic fin; 31-33 branched anal-fin rays; dark outline on first few lateral canals; 20-21 gill rakers on 1st arch (Ref. 12693). Abdomen more or less greatly arched, with a sharp keel. Lower jaw with a symphyseal knob fitting into an emargination of symphysis of upper jaw. No barbels. Lateral line greatly recurved (Ref. 4792).
Lives in rivers and lowland wetlands including peat canals (Ref. 57235). Found in medium to large-sized rivers and is a common resident of seasonally flooded forest. Leaves the flooded forest in November as the water levels begin to decline substantially. Seems to be more tolerant of high amounts of suspended solids than P. maculicauda or P. williaminae and are more common in habitats disturbed by farming activities. Feeds on zooplankton, insects (Ref. 12693) and fish (Ref. 56749). Normally sold in markets held side by side in a piece of split bamboo. Good for Tieo pa ka tao and extensively used for making padek (Ref. 7050).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., A.J. Whitten, S.N. Kartikasari and S. Wirjoatmodjo, 1993. Freshwater fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus Editions, Hong Kong. 221 p. (Ref. 7050)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00268 - 0.01234), b=3.10 (2.92 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.43 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 368 [138, 814] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.56 [0.74, 3.20] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.5 [16.5, 18.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.347 [0.168, 0.706] g/100g ; Selenium = 38.8 [15.7, 95.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 177 [76, 395] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.4 [1.4, 3.9] mg/100g (wet weight);