Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Tetraodontiformes
(Puffers and filefishes) > Tetraodontidae
(Puffers) > Tetraodontinae
Etymology: Pao: Origin of Pao is from the local name of pufferfishes in Thai and Lao languages, pla pao and pa pao, respectively, with pla and pa meaning fish, and pao meaning purse..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Mekong basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27732)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Upturned mouth; light and dark marks forming a radial pattern surrounding eye (Ref. 27661); depressed head and body; a more or less complete ocellus on the posterior part of the body; a series of oblique stripes on the cheeks and on the lower anterior part of the body (Ref. 27732).
Usually found in large rivers with muddy substrate, close to the bottom (Ref. 27732). May also be found in rocky bottoms (Ref. 27661).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Roberts, T.R., 1998. Freshwater fugu or pufferfishes of the genus Tetraodon from the Mekong basin, with descriptions of two new species. Ichthyol. Res. 45(3):225-234. (Ref. 27661)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.01114 - 0.05408), b=2.89 (2.71 - 3.07), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .