Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia and Singapore.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 38745)
Inhabits shaded forest streams with acid water. Lives among dense submerged vegetation and leaf litter (Ref. 85309).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lim, K.K.P., P.K.L. Ng and M. Kottelat, 1990. On a collection of freshwater fishes from Endau-Rompin, Pahang-Johore, Peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool. 38(1):31-54. (Ref. 85353)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00046 - 0.00225), b=3.06 (2.88 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 3.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (K=0.34).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .