Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Pangasiidae
Etymology: Pangasius: The Vietnamese name of a fish (Ref. 45335); kunyit: Kunyit is from the Javanese word for saffron referring to its goldfish color..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: major drainages from Sumatra, Indonesia (Musi, Batang Hari and Indragiri rivers); also present in eastern Kalimantan (Mahakam, Kapuas and Barito rivers), Sabah, Malaysia (Kinabatanagan River) and Viet Nam (Mekong delta).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.2 cm SL (female)
soft rays: 30 - 33. Distinguished from all other Pangasius species by the combination of the following characters: a somewhat spatulated (broad and rounded) head (snout length 40.0-53.4% HL; head depth 48.0-54.7% HL; head width 70.7-76.6% HL); short palatine tooth plates (10.0-12.8% HL); a very robust dorsal spine (width of spine 9.25-11.2 times in its length).
Obligate air-breathing in the genus (Ref. 126274); Inhabits deeper waters. Occurs sympatrically with P. krempfi in the Mekong delta. It is considered as a candidate species for aquaculture and its reproduction in captivity has already been achieved in the Mekong delta, Viet Nam (Ref. 33567).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Pouyaud, L., G.G. Teugels and M. Legendre, 1999. Description of a new pangasiid catfish from south-east Asia (Siluriformes). Cybium 23(3):247-258. (Ref. 33567)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: likely future use
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00447 (0.00209 - 0.00953), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.38 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (54 of 100).