Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Siluriformes
(Catfishes) > Doradidae
(Thorny catfishes) > Doradinae
Etymology: Oxydoras: Greek, oxys = sharp + Greek, dora = skin (Ref. 45335). More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 6.0 - 7.8; dH range: ? - 25. Tropical; 21°C - 24°C (Ref. 2060)
South America: Amazon, São Francisco and Essequibo River basins. Possibly in the Orinoco River basin.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 62.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37054); common length : 59.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9081); max. published weight: 11.0 kg (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 11.0 kg
Occurs over mud in streams and lakes. Forms schools (Ref. 9084). Feeds on detritus, chironomid and ephemeropteran larvae, and crustaceans (Ref. 9096). Known from temperatures ranging from 24-29.8 °C, pH range of 5-9, and an alkalinity range of 42-142.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sabaj, M.H. and C.J. Ferraris Jr., 2003. Doradidae (Thorny catfishes). p. 456-469. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 37054)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00584 - 0.01711), b=3.10 (2.95 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.29 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (63 of 100) .