Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes
(Carpet sharks) > Orectolobidae
(Carpet or nurse sharks)
Etymology: Orectolobus: Greek, orektos = stretch out + Greek, lobos = lobe (Ref. 45335); leptolineatus: Name from Greek 'leptos' meaning fine or thin and Latin 'lineatus' meaning of a line, referring to the thin, vermicular markings on the dorsal surface. More on authors: Last, Pogonoski & White.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 20 - m (Ref. 106604), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: Indonesia (Ref. 84278); also from off Sarawak Malaysian (Borneo), and with unconfirmed records from Taiwan (Penghu Islands), and the Philippines (Visayas and Cebu City), Ryukyu Islands (Ref. 90102).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 112 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 84278); 120.0 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This medium-sized (to at least 120 cm TL) Orectolobus species is distinguished by the following set of characters: coloration complex and variable, strongly vermiculate over dorsal and lateral surfaces with alternating dark brownish bars and saddles; dorsal and upper surface of paired fins with prominent vermicular patterns; ventral surface of trunk mainly uniformly pale; nasal barbel with a branch; preorbital dermal lobes complex, with 2-3 simple lobes in PO1 group and 3-4 simple to terminally branched lobes in PO2; simple postspiracular dermal lobes, well- developed, thallate, distance across preorbital group 1.3-1.6 times interspace between preorbital group and postspiracular lobe (PO/PO-PS1), 6.5-8.0 times base length of anterior postspiracular lobe (PO/PS1); base of anterior postspiracular lobe 4.3-5.3 in its distance from postorbital group (PO-PS1/PS1), 2.5-2.9 in its distance from posterior postspiracular lobe (PS1-PS2/PS1); enlarged supraocular knob or warty tubercles on back absent; dorsal fins tall, upright; first dorsal-fin origin near insertion of pelvic fin; tip of pelvic fin below insertion of first dorsal fin; interdorsal space 0.5-0.8 times anal-fin base length; anal-fin inner margin 0.7-0.8 of anal-fin posterior margin; 23 tooth rows in upper jaw, rudimentary row of teeth at symphysis of upper jaw usually present; monospondylous centra 44-51; total vertebral centra about 148-163 (Ref. 84278).
The depth range of this species is not well defined; specimens observed at fish markets
were presumably caught by longline fishers operating in deeper parts of the continental shelf. It probably prefers deeper colder water with a single shallow water observation from the east
coast of Bali where cold-water upwelling is common. All males (n = 43) mature by ca 90 cm TL; smallest mature female recorded at 94 cm TL, two pregnant females recorded at 104 and 108 cm TL, smaller of the two pregnant females contained 4 mid-term embryos between 13 and 14 cm TL (Ref. 84278).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R., J.J. Pogonoski and W.T. White, 2010. A new wobbegong shark, Orectolobus leptolineatus sp. nov. (Orectolobiformes: Orectolobidae), from the Western Central Pacific. pp. 1-16. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of new sharks and rays from Borneo. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 32. (Ref. 84278)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5012 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .