Teleostei (teleosts) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Ophichthus: Greek, ophis = serpent + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335); kailashchandrai: Named for Dr. Kailash Chandra, Director, Zoological Survey of India..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Tropical
Eastern Indian Ocean: India, West Bengal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 46.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 121592)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 180 - 182. This medium-sized species is distinguished by the following characters: preanal length 2.6-2.8 in TL; dorsal fin origin above posterior third of pectoral fin; pectoral fin well developed; posterior nostril is a hole in the upper lip opening towards the mouth, covered by a flap; a single barbel between anterior and posterior nostrils; teeth moderately elongated, conical and sharp; vomerine teeth start with single tooth, followed by two rows of biserial teeth and uniserial thereafter; maxillary and mandibular teeth uniserial throughout; 4 intermaxillary teeth in two rows; vertebrae: predorsal 14-15, preanal 54-55, total 180-182 (Ref. 121592).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mohapatra, A., D. Ray, S.R. Mohanty and S.S. Mishra, 2020. Ophichthus kailashchandrai sp. Now. (Anguilliformes: Ophichthidae): a new species of snake eel from Indian waters, Bay of Bengal. Zootaxa 4728(2):283-288. (Ref. 121592)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= No PD50 data [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00044 - 0.00239), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100).