Teleostei (teleosts) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Ophichthinae
Etymology: Ophichthus: Greek, ophis = serpent + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 155 m (Ref. 86689). Tropical
Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri
Eastern Central Pacific: Hawaii.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 92.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86689)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 151 - 156. This species is characterized by the following: Vertebrae 151-156; body depth at anus 26-34 in TL; snout to anus 1.7-1.8 in TL; HL 7.8-9.4 in TL; snout length 5.5-6 in HL; eye over middle of gape, 9.4-11.8 in HL; anterior nostril tubular, about 3/4 eye diameter; moderately large and recurved conical teeth in an ovate patch on intermaxilla, in 2 rows on maxilla, one row on lower jaw and vomer; dorsal fin origin over or slightly in front of gill opening; pectoral fins 4.8-4.9 in HL; body white with 16-20 dark bars dorsally, may cross body on tail, with dark brown spots that vary from a few dorsally to many over all of body, including within the less-pigmented dark bars; numerous close-set dark brown spots on head, faint or absent in pharyngeal region; elongate dark brown spots along margin of dorsal fin (Ref. 86689).
Specimens caught from a tidepool during the night, from 92 m depth and at 155 m (Ref. 86689).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., 2007. Reef and shore fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant College Program, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu. i-xivb + 1-546. (Ref. 86689)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
CountriesFAO areasEcosystemsOccurrencesIntroductionsStocksEcologyDietFood itemsFood consumptionRation
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00102 (0.00044 - 0.00239), b=2.97 (2.77 - 3.17), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100).