Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas)
Etymology: Odaxothrissa: Greek, odax, = with the teeth + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335); ansorgii: Named after Dr. W.J. Ansorge, who collected the type-specimens (Ref. 54749).
More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic. Tropical; 16°N - 15°S
Africa: Western Africa, from Senegal to Angola (Ref. 188, 3509); including lower Senegal River and lagoons in Côte d'Ivoire (Ref. 54749, 81269), Niger Delta (Ref. 81269), Ogowe River (Ref. 81631), and rivers between Kouilou River in Congo Republic (Ref. 81631) and Cuanza River in Angola (Ref. 28136, 54749, 120641).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 17 - 21;
Vertebrae: 44 - 46. Diagnosis: Body moderate, often deep, its depth 25% of standard length or more; 13-17 pre-pelvic and 8-11 post-pelvic scutes, 1-2 scutes before pectoral fin origin, first pre-pectoral scute longer and more developed than following scutes without ascending arms; lower jaw strongly projecting, with strong canine teeth at symphysis; pre-maxilla with 2-4 strong backward-pointing canine teeth on each side behind outer row of pre-maxillary teeth; lower gillrakers 22-33, shorter than corresponding gill filaments; anal fin with 17-21 rays; silver stripe along flank (Ref. 188, 54749, 81269, 81631). It resembles Odaxothrissa mento, which has fewer gillrakers, 16-19 vs. 22-33; and Pellonula vorax, which lacks canine teeth in the upper jaw and has longer gillrakers, equal in length to gill filaments vs. shorter (Ref. 188, 54749).
Found in rivers and streams (Ref. 188), also in lagoons (Ref. 2849, 81269).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Teugels, G.G., 2007. Clupeidae. p. 186-204. In M.L.J. Stiassny, G.G. Teugels and C.D. Hopkins (eds.) The fresh and brackish water fishes of Lower Guinea, West-Central Africa. Volume I. Collection Faune et Flore tropicales 42. Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Paris, France, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France, and Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 800 pp. (Ref. 81631)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00433 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).