Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Sciaenidae
(Drums or croakers)
Etymology: Nibea: Greek, niba, nipsis = to wash.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Pacific: New Guinea and northern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894); common length : 50.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9772)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 27 - 31. Snout blunt, obtusely rounded, slightly projecting in front of upper jaw; mouth small, inferior; upper jaw extending backward below hind margin of pupil, upper jaw length 31-38 % of head length, lower jaw length 34-40 % of head length, lower jaw length 34-40 % of head length. Mental pores in 3 pairs, the first close together, united by a crescent-shaped groove just behind symphysis. Teeth differentiated into large and small in upper jaw only; the; large ones closely spaced, not canine-like, forming outer series; a band of villiform teeth on lower jaw. Second anal spine long, stiff, 38-64 % of head length, progressively thicker with age and size. Lateral line scales numerous, 57-60. Swim bladder carrot-shaped, with about 18 pairs of fan-like appendages along its sides, the first pair entering head beyond transverse septum. Sagitta with a tadpole-shaped impression, the tail of which is J-shaped.
Occurs in shallow coastal waters, estuaries and in freshwater as far as 500 km upriver from the sea (Ref. 9772, 44894).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Sasaki, K., 1992. Two new species of Nibea (Sciaenidae) from northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Jap. J. Ichthyol. 39(1):1-7. (Ref. 10324)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.8 - 29, mean 28.1 °C (based on 368 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5010 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00891 (0.00433 - 0.01835), b=3.07 (2.90 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .