Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 1300 - 2600 m (Ref. 4460). Deep-water
Eastern Central Atlantic: 1°42'N. Also known from the Indian Ocean (Ref. 4460). Probably occurring in the Western Central Pacific (Ref. 38717).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4460)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Markle, D.F. and Y.I. Sazanov, 1990. Alepocephalidae. p. 246-264. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4460)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.3 - 5.5, mean 4 °C (based on 287 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00339 (0.00162 - 0.00710), b=3.19 (3.00 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (26 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 37.6 [12.5, 98.7] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.353 [0.143, 1.190] mg/100g ; Protein = 14.3 [11.5, 17.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.24 [0.07, 0.77] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.3 [6.6, 55.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 30.7 [3.8, 248.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.594 [0.318, 1.187] mg/100g (wet weight);