Myxini (hagfishes) > Myxiniformes
(Hagfishes) > Myxinidae
(Hagfishes) > Myxininae
Etymology: Myxine: Ancient Greek word for a slimy fish: myxa, slime; -inus, one who, referring to copious amounts of slime produced by M. glutinosa. (See ETYFish); jespersenae: In honor of biologist Åse Jespersen (b. 1955), University of Copenhagen, for her contributions to the reproductive biology of hagfishes. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 752 - 1556 m (Ref. 54824). Deep-water
North Atlantic: off West Greenland, in the eastern Davis Strait. Denmark Strait, Reykjanes Ridge, and South East of Iceland. Occurs sympatrically with Myxine glutinosa, although with a rather limited overlap in vertical distribution (772-1556 vs. 64-782) and no documented capture of both species in the same haul or trap exists.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 49.8 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54824)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Diagnosis: Color grayish brown with whitish head, the white extending posteriorly in a mid-ventral stripe of varying length; surrounding slime pores, PCD, gill aperture, cloaca, CFF, and VFF margins whitish. Two paired, pointed, or comb-shaped, bilaterally symmetrical nasal-sinus papillae with 2-5 distal fringes and 2 cusps in each row fused at their bases. Additional cusps in anterior rows 7-9 and posterior rows 8-10; total cusps 38-44. Pairs of gill pouches 6. Slime pores: prebranchial 28-37; trunk 65-74; tail 11-15; total 107-121. Body slender, depth over cloaca 2.9-4.3% TL; ventral finfold originates within anterior 10% of trunk; caudal finfold termination dorsally above cloaca to posterior 7% of trunk (Ref. 54824).
Occurs in muddy bottoms. Eggs taken from a damaged specimen in various stages of maturation , elliptical up to 23.6 X 8.5 mm; all eggs are in mesenteries and no anchor filaments were found (Ref. 54824).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Møller, P.R., T.K. Feld, I.H. Poulsen, P.F. Thomsen and J.G. Thormar, 2005. Myxine jespersenae, a new species of hagfish (Myxiniformes: Myxinidae) from the North Atlantic Ocean. Copeia 2005(2):374-385. (Ref. 54824)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 3.4 - 4, mean 3.7 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00115 (0.00044 - 0.00299), b=3.04 (2.82 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).