Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Carcharhiniformes
(Ground sharks) > Triakidae
(Houndsharks) > Triakinae
Etymology: Mustelus: Latin for weasel, an ancient name for sharks, possibly referring to the pointed snouts, swift movements and/or rapacious feeding behavior of smaller predatory sharks [strictly not tautonymous with Squalus mustelus Linnaeus 1758 since type was designated by the ICZN]. (See ETYFish); henlei: In honor of Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle (1807-1885), German physician, pathologist and anatomist, who, along with Johann Müller, produced the first authoritative work on sharks (1839-1841). (See ETYFish).
More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 0 - 281 m (Ref. 96339). Subtropical; 48°N - 18°S, 126°W - 72°W (Ref. 55310)
Eastern Pacific: northern California, USA to the Gulf of California; Ecuador and Peru.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 57.0, range 51 - 63 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 31395); max. reported age: 13 years (Ref. 6098)
Adults are found on the continental shelves from the intertidal region to at least 200 m depth. They feed on crabs, ghost shrimps, mantis shrimps, isopods, squids, polychaete worms, tunicates and small bony fishes. Viviparous (with a yolk-sac placenta), with 3 to 5 young in a litter. Size at birth between 19 and 21 cm. Readily kept in captivity. Utilized for human consumption. Marketed fresh, smoked and frozen (Ref. 9987).
Viviparous with a yolk-sac placenta; with 3 to 5 young in a litter. Size at birth ranges from 19-21 cm (Ref. 244). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205). Polyandry is a common life history strategy among the elasmobranchs and for M. henlei, the occurrence and frequency of polyandric behavior may vary depending on location and density of breeding individuals (Ref. 95902).
Compagno, L.J.V., 1984. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(4/2):251-655. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 244)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: highly commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 9.7 - 23.5, mean 15.4 °C (based on 100 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00224 (0.00103 - 0.00487), b=3.14 (2.97 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (rm=0.127; K=0.26; tm=2-6; tmax=15; Fec=3).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100).
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): High vulnerability (61 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 20.8 [5.7, 103.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.509 [0.159, 1.911] mg/100g ; Protein = 21.7 [19.4, 24.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.147 [0.061, 0.347] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.3 [12.2, 148.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 6.83 [2.38, 18.97] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.616 [0.272, 1.231] mg/100g (wet weight);