Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Ophichthidae
(Snake eels) > Myrophinae
Etymology: Muraenichthys: Latin,muraena = morey eel + Greek, ichtys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 19 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 30°N - 15°S
Indo-Pacific: Persian Gulf (Ref. 68964), Red Sea (Ref. 33390) and East Africa to Samoa, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia; Caroline and Marshall islands in Micronesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1602); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573)
Found in reef flats and lagoons to at least 13 m. Burrows in soft bottoms (Ref. 30573). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Caught in bags or nets, or by digging (Ref. 30573). Used as shark bait (Ref. 30573).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; bait: usually
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.9 - 29.3, mean 28.7 °C (based on 2639 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00076 (0.00029 - 0.00198), b=3.06 (2.83 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 111 [62, 200] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.755 [0.480, 1.202] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.6 [17.3, 22.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.145 [0.068, 0.378] g/100g ; Selenium = 40.8 [21.2, 80.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 52.5 [14.1, 174.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.42 [1.00, 2.00] mg/100g (wet weight);