Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Mulliformes
(Goatfishes) > Mullidae
Etymology: Mulloidichthys: Latin, mullus = soft + Greek, ichthys = fish (Ref. 45335). More on authors: Randall & Guézé.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 12 - 15 m (Ref. 9710), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-Pacific: Seychelles, Line and Marquesas islands.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Occurs in coral and rocky reefs. Mimics Lutjanus kasmira and may form aggregations with the said species during the day. Probably disperses at night to feed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lieske, E. and R. Myers, 1994. Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27 - 28.9, mean 28 °C (based on 125 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01023 (0.00495 - 0.02116), b=3.10 (2.93 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 59.2 [33.0, 118.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.589 [0.331, 0.967] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.9 [17.2, 20.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.162 [0.112, 0.279] g/100g ; Selenium = 37.1 [21.2, 58.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 77.7 [27.6, 253.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.18 [0.64, 1.67] mg/100g (wet weight);