Teleostei (teleosts) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 42 - 365 m (Ref. 11976). Polar
North Atlantic: just north of Iceland, northern Norway (Porsanger Fjord) and Barents Sea (but not in southern parts). Arctic Ocean: Kara Sea and Beaufort Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4695); max. published weight: 63.60 g (Ref. 11976)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 98 - 99. Pelvic fins small (Ref. 4695). Dark, with 5-8 short, light cross-bands on back and dorsal fins; light band (or spots) at nape; transverse light bands on body, never becoming a network in older fishes (Ref. 4695).
Found on muddy bottoms (Ref. 4695). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Smaller individuals prey on smaller species like amphipods, isopods and small bivalves while larger ones prey on shrimps, euphausiids and fish (Ref. 13532).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Andriashev, A.P., 1986. Zoarcidae. p. 1130-1150. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4695)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): -1.6 - 2.6, mean -0.5 °C (based on 2194 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00269 (0.00141 - 0.00513), b=3.22 (3.06 - 3.38), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100).