Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Zoarcoidei
(Eelpouts and pricklebacks) > Zoarcidae
(Eelpouts) > Lycodinae
Etymology: Lycodes: Greek, lykos = wolf + Greek, suffix, oides = similar to (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 18 - 930 m (Ref. 117245). Deep-water; -1°C - 4°C (Ref. 13534); 83°N - 41°N, 139°W - 141°E (Ref. 117245)
Western Atlantic: western Greenland (Ref. 4695), Hudson Bay and Labrador to Massachusetts (Ref. 7251). Arctic: west of Boothia Peninsula in the Northwest Territories (Ref. 3814) and the northern parts of Kara and Laptev seas (Ref. 4695).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 36.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7251)
Occurs on soft bottoms (Ref. 13534). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds mainly on epibenthic animals and does not seem to burrow much for prey. Smaller fish prey on smaller species like amphipods, isopods and small bivalves while larger fish prey on shrimps, euphausiids and fish (Ref. 13532).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Anderson, M.E., 1994. Systematics and osteology of the Zoarcidae (Teleostei: Perciformes). Ichthyol. Bull. J.L.B. Smith Inst. Ichthyol. 60:120 p. (Ref. 11954)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.4 - 7.1, mean 3.5 °C (based on 213 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00234 (0.00113 - 0.00487), b=3.24 (3.06 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100) .