Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Temperate; 42°N - 39°N, 9°W - 0°
Europe: Atlantic slope of Spain and Portugal, from Lima to Sado drainages.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 19.0, range 18 - 20 cm
Max length : 80.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59043); max. reported age: 11 years (Ref. 59043)
Diagnosed from other species of Barbus and Luciobarbus in Iberian Peninsula by having the following combination of characters: last simple dorsal ray moderately spinous, serrated posteriorly only along about half of its length in adults, serrae small, rarely absent; posterior edge of dorsal fin slightly concave, upper part of posterior edge at an angle to dorsal profile when fin is stretched; lower lip without median lobe or pad; tip of lower jaw exposed, not covered by lower lip; head length 25-28% SL; and lateral line with 44-49 + 3 scales (Ref. 59043).
Inhabits the middle and lower reaches of streams with slow current (Ref. 59043). Feeds on benthic invertebrates, detritus (Ref. 59043), plants and fish (Ref. 26100). Considered a long-lived species (Ref. 26100). Attains a maximum size of about 80 cm SL (Ref. 59043).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00581 - 0.01569), b=3.02 (2.88 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.42 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (K=0.09-0.19).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (59 of 100).