Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Liopropomatinae
Etymology: Liopropoma: Greek, leio = smooth + Greek, pro = in front of + Greek, poma, -atos = cover, operculum (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 45 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Atlantic: southern Florida, USA and Bahamas to northern South America.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 26938)
(total): 6 - 7;
(total): 12. Body yellow-orange with 5 wide black lines along side bordered by red above and below. Large black spot on second dorsal fin; similar spot on anal fin; caudal fin has 2 black spots connected by black bar.
A solitary species (Ref. 26340) inhabiting deep recesses of coral reefs. Common, but secretive and rarely seen (Ref. 9710). The maximum size for this species is about 8 cm standard length or 100 mm TL (value from Ref. 26938) (P.Heemstra, pers.comm. 12/09).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 28, mean 27.2 °C (based on 200 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 135 [72, 302] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.801 [0.455, 1.408] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.5 [16.5, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.19 [0.11, 0.33] g/100g ; Selenium = 28.2 [14.0, 55.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 145 [45, 480] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.63 [1.04, 2.49] mg/100g (wet weight);