Teleostei (teleosts) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Centrarchidae
Etymology: Lepomis: Greek, lepis = scaled + Greek, poma = gill cover, operculum (Ref. 45335, 79012); microlophus: Lepomis (Greek)=scaled gill cover; microlophus (Greek)=small nape (Ref. 79012).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical; 40°N - 26°N
North America: Savannah River in South Carolina to Nueces River in Texas, north in Mississippi River basin to southern Indiana and Illinois in the USA.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); common length : 19.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 12193); max. published weight: 220.00 g (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 7 years (Ref. 12193)
Inhabits ponds, swamps, lakes; and vegetated pools, usually with mud or sand bottoms, of small to medium rivers. Also occurs in warm, clear and quiet waters rich in vegetation and snags. Has a preference for mollusks as food thus has potential for the control of snail vectors of schistosomiasis (Ref. 1739, 10294). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Breed in shallow ponds, lakes or creeks (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing (Ref. 205). Oviparous (Ref. 205).
Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans