Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Moridae
Etymology: Lepidion: Greek, lepis = scale (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 127 - 2307 m (Ref. 104125), usually 500 - 900 m (Ref. 57668). Deep-water; 44°N - 38°N, 1°W - 17°E
Mediterranean Sea: northwestern region.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 29.5  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 44.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1371)
spines: 0. Posterior nostril immediately anterior to eye. Lateral line system on head with pit but no pores. Pyloric caeca 8 to 10.
Most abundant in waters deeper than 750 m and feeds mainly on benthic organismsm crustaceans and also on polychaetes. Caught singly but also in aggregations of more than 100 individuals (Ref. 1371). Parasites of the species include trematodes, cestodes, nematodes, acanthocephalans and copepods; attached in the intestines, gills and fins (Ref. 5951). Minimum depth (Ref. 58426).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Barros-García, D., R. Bañon, J.-C. Arronte and A. de Carlos, 2016. New data reinforcing the taxonomic status of Lepidion eques as synonym of Lepidion lepidion (Teleostei, Gadiformes). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 68(2016):6-10. (Ref. 109127)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13 - 13.7, mean 13.2 °C (based on 31 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00302 (0.00186 - 0.00489), b=3.21 (3.07 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Generation time: 7.3 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Assuming tmax>10).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (53 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26.7 [12.3, 58.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.462 [0.235, 0.844] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.9 [16.2, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.383 [0.186, 0.767] g/100g ; Selenium = 13.7 [5.9, 31.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.1 [3.7, 68.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.559 [0.367, 0.835] mg/100g (wet weight);