Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Petromyzonti (lampreys) > Petromyzontiformes
(Lampreys) > Petromyzontidae
(Northern lampreys) > Lampetrinae
Etymology: Lampetra: lambo (L.), to lick; petra (Gr.), rock or stone, referring to their suctorial behavior (adults attach to rocks during nest building and mating). (See ETYFish); soljani: In honor of Tonko Šoljan (1907-1980), for his contribution to the knowledge and development of ichthyology in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Subtropical
Europe: lower Neretva River in the Adriatic Sea basin.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115563)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: marmorate flank pattern in live, fully grown ammocoetes, and in some adults (vs. plain colour pattern); with 3 velar tentacles (vs. most similar species L. lanceolata with 5 and L. ninae with 5-7); without posterial teeth (vs. rarely absent, usually a single incomplete row with up to 23 teeth in L. ninae); with less trunk myomeres between last branchial opening and anus 54-57 (vs. 57-64 in L. lanceolata, 57-61 in L. ninae); less trunk myomeres between last branchial opening and first dorsal fin origin 28-32 (vs. 32-36 in L. lanceolata, 32-35 in L. ninae); less trunk myomeres between last branchial opening and second dorsal-fin origin 42-46 (vs. 46-50 in L. lanceolata, 45-49 in L. ninae); differs from L. zanandreai by lacking posterial teeth (vs. usually present, very rarely absent); differs from L. fluviatilis and L. planeri by having a bicuspid middle endolateral tooth (vs. almost always tricuspid) and the infraoral lamina with 5 teeth (vs. usually 7-9, very rarely 5-6) (Ref. 115563).
Ammocoetes of this species are found in silt, muddy or fine sandy-muddy sediment in river sections with slow or no current, in shallows at banks or backwaters at water depth of about 10-50 cm. Adults and ammocoetes are often caught together and the first post-metamorphosis individual was found in September (FSJF 2184) (Ref. 115563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Tutman, P., J. Freyhif, J. Dulcic, B. Glamuzina and M. Geiger, 2017. Lampetra soljani, a new brook lamprey from the southern Adriatic Sea basin (Petromyzontiformes: Petromyzontidae). Zootaxa 4273(4):531-548. (Ref. 115563)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00126 (0.00057 - 0.00280), b=2.99 (2.80 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Semelparous species, assuming tm (= tmax) > 4).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).