Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335). More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh (Ref. 41236). Recorded from Afghanistan (Ref. 41034), Bhutan (Ref. 40882) and Myanmar (Ref. 57739).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 90.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 41236)
Lives in rivers, lakes and ponds (Ref. 4832); in active currents of large streams and upper reaches of rivers (Ref. 41236). Feeds mostly on algae and diatoms (Ref. 44151). An excellent foodfish (Ref. 4832).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. 541 p. (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00708 (0.00317 - 0.01581), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (57 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 125 [39, 271] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.624 [0.364, 1.076] mg/100g ; Protein = 15.8 [14.9, 16.7] % ; Omega3 = 0.164 [0.071, 0.369] g/100g ; Selenium = 301 [131, 737] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 8.84 [3.25, 23.96] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.3 [0.8, 2.1] mg/100g (wet weight);