Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 38°N - 8°S
Asia: Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and Myanmar (Ref. 4832). Recorded from Afghanistan (Ref. 41034) and Nepal (Ref. 9496).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 20.0, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 150 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832); max. published weight: 1.4 kg (Ref. 1479)
Adults inhabit rivers. They spawn during the southwest monsoon. Do not normally breed in ponds. Artificial breeding done through hypophysation. Cultured in ponds along with other carp species.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. i-liv + 1-541, 1 map (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00562 (0.00317 - 0.00998), b=3.06 (2.91 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 115 [28, 230] mg/100g; Iron = 0.773 [0.422, 1.425] mg/100g; Protein = 16.3 [15.4, 17.3] %; Omega3 = 0.229 [0.089, 0.572] g/100g; Selenium = 517 [176, 1,553] μg/100g; VitaminA = 6.84 [2.29, 20.14] μg/100g; Zinc = 1.06 [0.53, 2.06] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.