Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Labeo: Latin, labeo = one who has large lips (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Bloch.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
Asia: Pakistan, India, Nepal and Myanmar (Ref. 4832) and Bangladesh (Ref. 41236).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 34 - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4832)
Found in rivers above tidal reaches and culture ponds (Ref. 41236). Mainly herbivorous, feeding on diatoms, blue-green and green algae, higher aquatic plants, insects and detritus (Ref. 4832). Spawning occurs during the southwest monsoon in the Western Ghats (Ref. 44177).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Talwar, P.K. and A.G. Jhingran, 1991. Inland fishes of India and adjacent countries. vol 1. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam. i-liv + 1-541, 1 map (Ref. 4832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00619 - 0.01019), b=3.05 (3.01 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 7.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.14-0.18; Fec=64,770).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (58 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 125 [35, 217] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.827 [0.504, 1.466] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.6 [15.7, 17.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.374 [0.148, 0.973] g/100g ; Selenium = 389 [152, 1,069] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 11.3 [4.6, 29.8] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.24 [0.67, 2.40] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.