Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Centrarchiformes
(Basses) > Kuhliidae
Etymology: Kuhlia: Because of Heindrich Kuhl, 1797-1821; researcher also with lizards (Gekkonidae). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - (Ref. 6799)
Africa: probably known only from Reunion, Mauritius, Rodriguez and Madagascar (Ref. 57749).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6799)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 11 - 13. Oval and high body, laterally compressed and elongated. Lower jaws proeminent. Large protusible and superior mouth. Opercle shows two spines. Dorsal fin starts at the same level than the pelvics. Silvery body with a darker blue to greyish back. Caudal forked with two vertical stripes. First at the base of the caudal and second is the posterior margin of the fin. In between these two stripes is a white stripe. K. splendens Regan, 1913 might be a synonym of that species (Stapley pers. com.).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Keith, P., G. Marquet, P. Valade, P. Bosc and E. Vigneux, 2006. Atlas des poissons et des crustacés d'eau douce des Comores, Mascareignes et Seychelles. Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. Patrimoines naturels, 65:250p. (Ref. 57749)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 25.4 - 28, mean 27.2 °C (based on 153 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00607 - 0.03285), b=3.06 (2.85 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .