Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 4465 m (Ref. 75596), usually 800 - 2500 m (Ref. 75596). Deep-water
Circumglobal: equatorial, tropical, and subtropical regions, in the Atlantic from 38° N
to 21° S; a single record in the western Indian at 8° S, 31° S; in the Pacific 27° N to 33° S.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75596)
This species can be distinguished from its congeners except K. macrodon by the ascending process of premaxilla with a strong concavity limited anteriorly by bony crest (vs. ascending process of premaxilla flat or with gentle concavity, anterior bony crest absent). It further differs from K. colubrina, K. falx, K. indica, and K. parri by the teeth in lateral series of premaxilla and dentary 12-25, type 4, needle-like (vs. teeth in lateral series of premaxilla with ventral attachment, recurved in parri; 5-11, caniniform, type 4, slightly curved in indica and falx and recurved in colubrina>); from K. macrura, teeth in lateral series of premaxilla and dentary type 4, needle-like, extending to the end of dentigerous area, teeth with ventral attachment absent in lateral series (vs. teeth in lateral series of premaxilla and dentary need-like in anterior third and fourth, respectively, followed by teeth with ventral attachment, recurved in posterior areas). It is distinguished from K, macrodon by the teeth in mesial series of premaxilla and dentary, 4-5, modally 5 (vs. teeth in mesial series of premaxilla teeth 6-9, modally 7, of and dentary 7-9, modally 8) (Ref. 75596).
Most adults have been taken in hauls in depths exceeding 1,000 m but a number of adults have been taken in hauls in depths between 500 to 1,000 m (Ref. 6944).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Melo, M.R.S., 2008. The genus Kali Lloyd (Chiasmodontidae: Teleostei) with description of new two species, and the revalidation of K. kerberti Weber. Zootaxa 1747:1-33. (Ref. 75596)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 1.9 - 5.7, mean 3 °C (based on 4257 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.67).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100).