Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 46 - 100 m (Ref. 11441). Tropical; 42°N - 22°S, 55°E - 141°E
Indo-West Pacific: Funka Bay of Hokkaido to the South China Sea and farther south (Ref. 559). Recorded from Oman (Ref. 11441).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 6.8, range 7 - 7 cm
Max length : 10.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 106388); max. published weight: 15.20 g (Ref. 112063)
soft rays: 8. Ten to 12 brown bands on sides of body. Number and width of these bands varies with habitat. Body shape and coloration closely resembles A. ellioti, but distinguished by not having luminous organ. Attains 8 cm TL.
Abundant on sandy and muddy bottoms from coastal inlets to deeper waters (Also Ref. 11230). Breeding season is from July to September. Males brood eggs in the mouth. Made into fish paste (Ref. 559 and 637).
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino, 1984. The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.3 - 28.1, mean 26.4 °C (based on 345 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00766 - 0.01886), b=3.14 (3.01 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; K=0.37-1.12; Tmax=3-5).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100).