Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Rajiformes
(Skates and rays) > Arhynchobatidae
Etymology: Irolita: From Irolita, a princess in love with prince Parcinus. The beauty of the princess was worthly the world´s admiration. Mythology; westraliensis: Named for Western Australia from where this species occirs. More on authors: Last & Gledhill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 142 - 209 m (Ref. 75641). Subtropical; 19°S - 28°S, 111°E - 120°E (Ref. 114953)
Eastern Indian Ocean: Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 43.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 75641)
Found on outer continental shelf. Life history unknown. Males reaches maturity at ca. 35 cm TL. Caught rarely and discarded as bycatch (Ref. 114953).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Last, P.R. and D.C. Gledhill, 2008. A new species of round skate, Irolita westraliensis sp. nov. (Rojoidei: Aehynchobatidae), from northern Western Australia. pp. 173-181. In Last, P.R., W.T. White, J.J. Pogonoski and D.C. Gledhill (eds.): Descriptions of new Australian skates (Batoidea: Rajoidei). CSIRO marine and atmosheric research paper no. 021. (Ref. 75641)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 14.6 - 20.4, mean 20.1 °C (based on 7 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00272 - 0.01111), b=3.09 (2.92 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.7 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (49 of 100) .