Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; demersal; depth range 1 - 10 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical
Western Central Pacific: eastern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 65.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 42788)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Back brownish with pale yellow spots formed forming irregular bars or eye spots; large brownish blotch on cheek and another across back to pectoral-fin regions (Ref. 42788).
Found near shore, on rock bottoms (Ref. 11230) or sandy beaches (Ref. 42788); also in estuaries (Ref. 42788). Good food fish (Ref. 42788).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kishimoto, H., 2001. Uranoscopidae. Stargazers. p. 3519-3531. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 42788)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.2 - 27.5, mean 26.2 °C (based on 300 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00617 (0.00262 - 0.01453), b=3.11 (2.90 - 3.32), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100).