Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Hypoplectrus: Greek, hypo = under + Greek, plektron = sting, spur (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poey.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 1 - 45 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical
Western Central Atlantic: Mosquito Bank (off Nicaragua), Bahamas, Grand Cayman (Cayman Islands), Jamaica, Dominican Republic, and Tobago. Absent from the rest of the Caribbean.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.2 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5521)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Body rich orangish-yellow in color. Snout with dark spots which may be large and bordered by iridescent blue. Pectoral fins pigmented.
Previously known from deep reefs but has since been found in shallow water (1-8 m). Territorial on reef tops (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Domeier, M.L., 1994. Speciation in the serranid fish Hypoplectrus. Bull. Mar. Sci. 54(1):103-141. (Ref. 26407)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 26.1 - 28.1, mean 27.5 °C (based on 114 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00680 - 0.04650), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (19 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 100 [58, 179] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.705 [0.406, 1.214] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.1, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.158 [0.090, 0.272] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.3 [13.3, 51.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 97.9 [27.8, 366.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.37 [0.84, 2.19] mg/100g (wet weight);