Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Hydrolagus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335); marmoratus: Name from Latin 'marmor' for marbled, refers to the marbled pattern of greyish brown reticulations on the sides of the body.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 548 - 995 m (Ref. 76967). Deep-water
Western Pacific: Australia.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 60 - ? cm
Max length : 80.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76967)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This chimaeroid fish has a ventral caudal fin that that is not indented at its origin to form a separate anal fin and is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: color of body pale brown with prominent reticulations on sides, dorsal fin and spine whitish basally; the dorsal-fin spine is slightly shorter than or subequal in height of first dorsal fin, while the pelvic fins somewhat rectangular in shape (not broadly rounded); pelvic claspers of males are
mostly pale, divided for the distal 2/3 of their length (Ref. 76967).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Didier, D.A., 2008. Two new species of the genus Hydrolagus Gill (Holocephali: Chimaeridae) from Australia. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. (Ref. 76967)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 5.1 - 8.6, mean 6.8 °C (based on 133 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00126 - 0.00759), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (50 of 100) .