Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Hydrolagus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335); lusitanicus: The specific epithet lusitanicus refers to the ancient name of Portugal (Lusitania), where the species was initially identified.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range ? - 1600 m (Ref. 55857). Deep-water; 41°N - 36°N, 10°W - 8°W (Ref. 55857)
Northeast Atlantic: Portugal.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 95.4 cm OT male/unsexed; (Ref. 55857); 117.7 cm OT (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Second dorsal fin margin straight; eyes smaller than one third of the head length. Supracaudal fin less deep or equal to subcaudal fin; eye diameter always <5 times in head length. Pectoral fin length from 1-9 to 2-3 times of pectoral fin width.
Nothing is known on the biology of the species.
Body uniform rose to light brown with few small irregular light and dark spots; point of snout and region between the eye and the pectoral fin whitish; fins violet blue.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Moura, T., I. Figueiredo, P. Bordolo-Machado, C. Almeida and L.S. Gordo, 2005. A new deep-water chimaerid species, Hydrolagus lusitanicus n. sp., from off mainland Portugal with a proposal of a new identification key for the genus Hydrolagus (Holocephali: Chimaeridae) in the north-east Atlantic. J. Fish Biol. 67(3):742-751. (Ref. 55857)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00126 - 0.00759), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .