Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Holocephali (chimaeras) > Chimaeriformes
(Chimaeras) > Chimaeridae
(Shortnose chimaeras or ratfishes)
Etymology: Hydrolagus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, lagos = hare (Ref. 45335); homonycteris: Name from the Latin 'homo' for man and 'nycteris' for bat; named for Thomas A. Griffiths, Illinois Wesleya University, affectionately known as 'bat man' to his students.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 866 - 1447 m (Ref. 76967). Deep-water
Southern Ocean: Australia and New Zealand.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 85 - ? cm
Max length : 109 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 76967)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This chimaeroid fish has a ventral caudal fin that that is not indented at its origin to form a separate anal fin, it is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: color of the body an even dark black or blackish-brown; its dorsal fin spine is longer than height of first dorsal fin; pelvic fins is distinctly round in shape; males with pelvic claspers that are dark at the base with pale tips, divided for the distal 1/3 of their length (Ref. 76967).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Didier, D.A., 2008. Two new species of the genus Hydrolagus Gill (Holocephali: Chimaeridae) from Australia. In Last, P.R., White, W.T. & Pogonoski, J.J. (eds.): Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper no. 22. (Ref. 76967)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 2.2 - 5.7, mean 4.6 °C (based on 177 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00309 (0.00149 - 0.00639), b=3.08 (2.90 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .