Teleostei (teleosts) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Alestidae
Etymology: Hydrocynus: Greek, hydr = water + Greek, kyon = dog (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Boulenger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; pH range: 6.5 - 7.5; dH range: ? - 25. Tropical; 23°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060)
Africa: Congo River basin, from the marine lower Congo (Ref. 51114) up to the upper Lualaba (Ref. 2970), in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Republic of Congo. Also reported from Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 4967).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 133 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40637); max. published weight: 50.0 kg (Ref. 4537)
Inhabits lakes and large rivers (Ref. 4967).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott, 1991. World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00528 - 0.02495), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (89 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 45 [19, 111] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.41 [0.72, 3.77] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.6 [17.4, 21.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.448 [0.165, 1.278] g/100g ; Selenium = 59.7 [23.4, 133.7] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 40.6 [11.6, 141.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1 [1, 2] mg/100g (wet weight);