Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Balitoridae
Etymology: Homaloptera: Greek, homalos = flat + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); confuzona: From a contraction of the Latin confusus (confused) and zona (belt). More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Mekong basin downriver of Khone Falls in Laos and Cambodia and small coastal basins in southeastern Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43281)
Body yellowish to reddish brown, with 4 irregularly shaped or incomplete darker bars on body; anterior bar at level of pectoral fin, narrow, usually reaching pectoral fin; second bar at dorsal-fin origin, very broad dorsally, extending along base of whole fin, more or less triangular, restricted to upper half of body or continued by a narrow extension to pelvic-fin origin; third bar above anal-fin base, very irregular, often restricted to upper half of body, or even missing; fourth bar at extremity of caudal peduncle, continuous with a large blotch on caudal-fin base and lower caudal-fin lobe; second and third bars often connected along the back, first and second rarely so; a conspicuous stripe from tip of snout through eye to nape and one from eye towards throat; pectoral fin with 6-7 simple and 10-11 branched rays; pelvic fin with 2 simple and 7 branched rays (Ref. 36949). Presence of dark brown blotches on all fins (Ref. 43281).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p. (Ref. 43281)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00631 (0.00265 - 0.01501), b=3.05 (2.85 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .