Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Balitoridae
Etymology: Homaloptera: Greek, homalos = flat + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); confuzona: From a contraction of the Latin confusus (confused) and zona (belt). More on author: Kottelat.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical
Asia: Mekong basin downriver of Khone Falls in Laos and Cambodia and small coastal basins in southeastern Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 43281)
Body yellowish to reddish brown, with 4 irregularly shaped or incomplete darker bars on body; anterior bar at level of pectoral fin, narrow, usually reaching pectoral fin; second bar at dorsal-fin origin, very broad dorsally, extending along base of whole fin, more or less triangular, restricted to upper half of body or continued by a narrow extension to pelvic-fin origin; third bar above anal-fin base, very irregular, often restricted to upper half of body, or even missing; fourth bar at extremity of caudal peduncle, continuous with a large blotch on caudal-fin base and lower caudal-fin lobe; second and third bars often connected along the back, first and second rarely so; a conspicuous stripe from tip of snout through eye to nape and one from eye towards throat; pectoral fin with 6-7 simple and 10-11 branched rays; pelvic fin with 2 simple and 7 branched rays (Ref. 36949). Presence of dark brown blotches on all fins (Ref. 43281).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Kottelat, M., 2001. Fishes of Laos. WHT Publications Ltd., Colombo 5, Sri Lanka. 198 p. (Ref. 43281)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5156 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00537 (0.00222 - 0.01301), b=3.07 (2.86 - 3.28), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .