Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Tripterygiidae
(Triplefin blennies) > Tripterygiinae
Etymology: Helcogramma: Greek, helkos, -eos, -ous = ulcer, sore + Greek, gramma = letter, mark (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - 6 m (Ref. 27223), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Central Pacific: Japan, Philippines and Guam.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95023); 3.3 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 16 - 18;
soft rays: 19 - 20;
Vertebrae: 37. Distinguished by the following characters: 5-8 symphyseal mandibular sensory pores; second dorsal fin spines XIII-XIV; last pleural ribs on vertebral centrum 11, vertebrae 11+ 26 = 37; nape naked (Ref. 9849); black lower half of head; bright blue stripe extending from anterior part of upper lip to preopercular margin through ventral margin of orbit; dorsal fins black distally; central part of pectoral fin base black; entire caudal fin black (Ref. 95023).
Adults are found among rocky boulders and in surge channels to a depth of about 6 m (Ref. 9849). Eggs are hemispherical and covered with numerous sticky threads that anchor them in the algae on the nesting sites (Ref. 240). Larvae are planktonic which occur primarily in shallow, nearshore waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Williams, J.T. and C.J. McCormick, 1990. Two new species of the triplefin fish genus Helcogramma (Tripterygiidae) from the Western Pacific Ocean. Copeia 1990(4):1020-1030. (Ref. 9849)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00550 (0.00248 - 0.01216), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .