Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Anguilliformes
(Eels and morays) > Muraenidae
(Moray eels) > Muraeninae
Etymology: Gymnothorax: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, thorax, -akos = breast (Ref. 45335); bacalladoi: Named in honor of Dr. J.J. Bacallado for his notable contribution to the study of the marine fauna of the Canary Islands.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 17 - 604 m (Ref. 40832). Deep-water
Eastern Central Atlantic: Canary Islands (Ref. 40832); Madeira Island (Ref. 74541); and Cape Verde (Ref. 94080).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 34.7 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 40832)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 130 - 131. Moderately elongate moray with: mottled brown coloration, posterior jaw pores in white spots; dorsal-fin origin before gill openings; four infraorbital pores, one branchial pore; outer teeth serrate, maxillary teeth in two short rows, and vomerine teeth biserial; and mean vertebral formula (MVF) 5-55-130.
Depth range based on the 3 known specimens all of which have been collected from rocky bottom. May inhabit deep waters.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Böhlke, E.B. and A. Brito, 1987. Gymnothorax baccaladoi, a new Moray from the Canary Islands (Pisces: Muraenidae). Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 139:459-463. (Ref. 40832)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 13.4 - 16.6, mean 15.4 °C (based on 19 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00048 (0.00026 - 0.00088), b=3.27 (3.12 - 3.42), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .