Teleostei (teleosts) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Dorosomatidae
(Gizzard shads and sardinellas)
Etymology: Gonialosa: Greek, gonio = angle + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; pelagic; amphidromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 29°N - 21°N
Asia: rivers and associated water bodies of Sri Lanka, India (Ganges and other rivers of Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Bengal, Assam), and Bangladesh. (The Andaman record is doubtful - perhaps Anodontostoma selangkat).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.9 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 126021); max. published weight: 37.71 g (Ref. 126021)
soft rays: 22 - 28. Body fairly deep, somewhat compressed, belly with 16 to 20 (usually 17 or 18) + 11 to 14 (usually 11 to 13), total 27 to 33 (usually 29 to 31) scutes. Upper jaw slender at tip and distinctly turned down, second supra-maxilla very small. Gill rakers fine and numerous (90 to 180 on lower arch). Pre-dorsal scales paired and overlapping in midline; scales moderate or small.
Found in rivers and pools. More data needed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00433 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 96 [30, 517] mg/100g; Iron = 1.07 [0.45, 3.54] mg/100g; Protein = 18.1 [16.2, 20.2] %; Omega3 = 0.463 [0.252, 0.840] g/100g; Selenium = 37.6 [18.7, 75.8] μg/100g; VitaminA = 47.4 [20.7, 110.5] μg/100g; Zinc = 2.03 [1.42, 2.95] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.