Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Orectolobiformes
(Carpet sharks) > Ginglymostomatidae
Etymology: Ginglymostoma: ginglymus (Gr.), hinge; stoma (Gr.), mouth, presumably referring to how corner of mouth has a hinged appearance. (See ETYFish); unami: In honor of UNAM (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México), for the “vital role it plays in educating the people of México” (translation). (See ETYFish).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic. Tropical
Eastern Pacific: endemic in the area, from Mexico (Baja California including Gulf of Mexico) to Peru.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 207 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 113902)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished from G. cirratum by comparing several meristic characters where the distance between the prebanchial and interdorsal regions, and that of the posterior end of the second dorsal fin and the beginning of the caudal lobe, are both shorter; it also differs by the position of the insertion of the first dorsal fin with regard to the pelvic fins and in the form and number of keels on the dermal denticles and teeth morphology (Ref. 113902).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Del Moral-Flores, L., E. Ramírez-Antonio, A. Angulo and G. Pérez-Ponce de León, 2015. Ginglymostoma unami sp. nov. (Chondrichthes: Orectolobidae: Ginglomostomidae): una especie nueva de tiburón gata del Pacífico oriental tropical. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 86:48-58. (Ref. 113902)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.8125 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.0 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Very high vulnerability (90 of 100).