Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; waensis: The specific name refers to the Wa River which is the only known basin occupied by the species.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Wa River, a tributary of the Nan River of the Chao Phraya River system in northern Thailand.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.1 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95678)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 41 - 43. Garra waensis can be distinguished from all its congeners by the combination of the following characters: no barbels; 7 branched rays on dorsal fin; 31-37+2 scales on lateral line; 10-12 scales around caudal peduncle; elongated body (body length 73.9-77.3% SL; body depth 16.4-21.1% SL); small and broad head (head length 22.7-26.1% SL; head depth 56.1-64.9% HL, 12.9-16.2% SL; head width 74.0-85.0% HL, 17.1-20.5% SL); a poorly developed proboscis in front of nostrils; reddish orange spots present (white or dull yellowish white in preserved specimens) on body side; a dark mid-lateral stripe running from upper edge of gill opening to caudal peduncle and expanding into a large anteriorly-pointed triangular blotch on caudal peduncle (in preserved condition); and red to pale red color in all fins (in live and fresh condition) (Ref. 95678).
Found in a moderate-sized, swift, clear mountain stream (Mang River) with width 6-7 m, depth 0.4-0.6 m and bottom substrate composed of gravel and rock with attached filamentous algae. Collected together with Poropuntius sp., Scaphiodonichthys acanthopterus, Balitoropsis leonardi, Sectoria atriceps, Schistura menanensis and Glyptothorax laosensis (Ref. 95678).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Lothongkham, A., S. Arbsuwan and P. Musikasinthorn, 2014. Garra waensis, a new cyprinid fish (Actinopterygii: Cypriniformes) from the Nan River basin of the Chao Phraya River system, northern Thailand. Zootaxa 3790(4):543-554. (Ref. 95678)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00759 (0.00331 - 0.01740), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (14 of 100) .