Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; trilobata: Derived from the Latin 'trilobatus', -a, -um, meaning ‘trilobed’, in reference to the trilobed proboscis. An adjective.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Asia: Sanalok River, Chindwin basin in Manipur, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 13.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 117240)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8;
Vertebrae: 32. Garra trilobata is diagnosed from other species of Garra in the Chindwin drainage by having a conspicuous and heavily tuberculated trilobed proboscis (vs. bilobed in G. bispinosa, unilobed in G. litanensis, G. rotundinasus and G. qiaojiensis, or incipient in G. elongata and G. gravelyi), fewer lateral line scales (31-32 vs. 34-37 in G. bispinosa, G. gravelyi, G. rotundinasus and G. qiaojiensis, 39-40 in G. elongata). It can be distinguished from G. litanensis by having a scaled (vs. naked) chest (Ref. 117240).
Occurs in medium to fast flowing clear hill stream with gravel bottom and lush green algal bloom. (Ref. 117240). Other associated fish species include Balitora burmanica, Glyptothorax trilineatus, Pseudecheneis ukhrulensis, Mastacembelus armatus, Neolissochilus stracheyi, and Schistura sikmaiensis (Ref. 117240).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Shangningam, B. and W. Vishwanath, 2015. Two new species of Garra from the Chindwin basin, India (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 26(3):263-272. (Ref. 117240)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00451 - 0.02020), b=3.04 (2.86 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .