Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; palaruvica: Named for Palaruvi Falls in Kerala from where the specimen was first collected. A noun in apposition..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Palaruvi Falls, Kallada River basin in Kerala, India.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 95191)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 7. This species can be diagnosed from other species of Garra from the Western Ghats by the following combination of characters: intermediate development of the mental disc and central pad; isthmus free from mental disc; long maxillary barbell; naked breast; absence of a proboscis; well developed scales on belly; well developed pre-pelvic scales; 2.5 anal scale rows; 15-17 pre-anal scale rows; 11 pre-dorsal scale rows; 9+8 caudal-fin rays; 13 branched pectoral-fin rays; 31-33 lateral-line scale rows; 15-16 circumpeduncular scale rows; 20-22 circumferential scales. This species differs from congeners from north and north-eastern part of India by the following combination of characters: intermediate development of mental disc and central pad; isthmus free from mental disc; long maxillary barbel; belly scaled; breast naked; absence of median proboscis; absence of proboscis on snout; suctorial disc rounded; well developed post-pelvic region; dorsal-fin rays ii-iii, 8 ; 13 branched pectoral-fin rays; 9+8 caudal-fin rays; 11 pre-dorsal scale rows ; 2.5 anal scale rows; 15-17 pre-anal scale rows; absence of W-shaped band on caudal-fin; 31-33 lateral line scales and 15-16 circumpeduncular scale rows (Ref. 95191).
Inhabits a second order mountain stream where banks are highly confined with bedrock and the extension of bedrock into the streams forms nearly 80% of the substrate. Found below the waterfall in a pooled area (Ref. 95191).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Arunachalam, M., M. Raja, S. Nandagopal and R.L. Mayden, 2013. Garra palaruvica, a new cyprinid fish (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Kerala, Western Ghats, peninsular India. Intl. J. Zool. Res. 3(1):62-68. (Ref. 95191)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00439 - 0.01983), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).