Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813); a fish living in mud (Ref. 128817).
More on author: Nichols.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111347); common length : 10.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840); max. published weight: 111.00 g (Ref. 111347)
soft rays: 7. Diagnosed from the species of Garra in Yuanjiang drainage in Yunnan by the following combination of characters: two pairs of barbels; 32-35 lateral line scales; 16 circumpeduncular scales; pharyngeal teeth in 3 rows, 2.4.5-5.4.2; snout rounded, with a groove in front of nostrils; and anus slightly in front of anal-fin origin, separated by 2 scales (Ref. 55924).
Adults inhabit gravel bottoms in mountain streams and adhere to stones using their disk. Length type refers to body length.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Huang, H. et al., 1987. The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations. The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations. (Ref. 9671)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00540 - 0.01405), b=3.10 (2.97 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).