Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; mini: The species epithet is a universal contraction of forms of the Latin adjective minimus, meaning small or short, and refers to the small size of the species (Ref. 115305).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical
Asia: Bangladesh: currently known only from 3 localities: the Shuvolong Falls in Kaptai Lake in the Karnafuli River system, and the Chingthong Jhiri and Shailpropat Falls in the Sangu River drainage (Ref. 115305).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115305)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. Diagnosis: Garra mini is a small species of Garra, maximum size recorded less than 50 mm SL, diagnosed by characters in combination: smoothly
rounded snout tip; very slight transverse frontal groove; lateral lobe present; proboscis absent; scales absent from chest; scales present on abdomen, 2 pairs of barbels, lateral line scales on body 30-31, total lateral line scales 31-33, predorsal scales very small, deeply embedded, 14-16 along predorsal midline; circumpeduncular scales 16; black spots absent from base of dorsal fin; transverse dark bars absent from caudal fin; contrasting dark band from head to caudal-fin base; uniquely distinguished from all 318 sequences of the corresponding fragment of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI) gene, representing 74 species of Garra, which were available in GenBank on 20 June 2015, in having thymine in position 139 (vs. cytosine in all other species), adenosine in position 141 (vs. cytosine or thymine in all other species), and guanine in position 207 (vs. adenosine in all other species) (Ref. 115305).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00398 - 0.02092), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .