Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes(genus, species) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Teleostei (teleosts) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).; amirhosseini: Named for Amirhossein, son of the first author..
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Sartang-e-Bijar Spring, Tigris River drainage in Iran.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.7 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 109570); max. published weight: 4.30 g (Ref. 126013)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 8. <Garra amirhosseini can be diagnosed from its congeners in the rivers flowing to the Persian Gulf by having the breast and belly with very small scales which are fully covered by a thick epidermal layer (vs. naked breast in G. gymnothorax, naked breast and belly in G. mondica or vs. fully covered by normal scales without any covering layer). It further differs from G. mondica by having a predorsal mid-line which is fully covered by scales or embedded scales (vs. naked or with 2-4 embedded scales at front of dorsal fin origin in a few individuals). It can be further distinguished from G. rufa and G. gymnothorax by having usually 7½ branched rays in dorsal fin (vs. usually 8½). It also differs from G. persica by usually possessing 9+8 caudal-fin rays (vs. usually 8+8); from G. rossica by having a fully developed mental disc (vs. reduced) and 16-20 total gill rakers on the first branchial arch (vs. 13-15); from G. variabilis by having a fully developed mental disc (vs. reduced) and two pairs of barbels (vs. one); and from G. typhlops and G. widdowsoni by having well-developed eyes and a brown and silvery color pattern (vs. absence) (Ref. 109570).
Inhabits hot spring and occurs together with Garra rufa and G. gymnothorax (Ref. 109570).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Esmaeili, H.R., G. Sayyadzadeh, B.W. Coad and S. Eagderi, 2016. Review of the genus Garra Hamilton, 1822 in Iran with description of a new species: a morpho-molecular approach (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Iranian Journal of Ichthyology 3(2):82-121. (Ref. 109570)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 126983)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00461 - 0.01646), b=3.09 (2.93 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).