Family Centrophrynidae - Prickly Seadevils
Centrophrynidae Centrophrynidae
No. in FishBase
Genera : 1 | Species : 1 Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes
Fresh : No | Brackish : No | Marine : Yes
  First Fossil Record
From Pietsch (2009). Distribution: Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. Common name: Prickly seadevils (Ref. 86949). Distinguishing characters: Females elongate and laterally compressed, with small, anterior mouths, opening almost horizontally. Teeth are numerous but small compared to most ceratioids. Metamorphosed females uniquely possessing only one oval-shaped gonad, lacking sphenotic spines on the dorsal part of the head and having several, small, tooth-bearing plates along the upper margin of all the gill arches (a feature shared only with himantolophids). Skin covered with finely set dermal spinules, the texture of sandpaper. Having 3-4 pectoral radials. Esca composed of a compressed, fan-shaped anterior appendage and a short, relatively compressed posterior appendage. Largest known female measured 2.47 cm. In comparison, males have the short barbel on the throat, notably small eyes, large olfactory organs, and somewhat triangular upper denticular plate with transverse series of 3 well-developed hooked denticles; crescent lower denticular plate with 4 symmetrical denticles fused at the base; skin notably lacking dermal spicules. The only recorded adult male measures 1.28 cm. For both sexes as well as larvae, dorsal fin rays number 5-7, anal fin rays number 5 or 6, pectoral fin rays are 15 or 16, and 9 caudal rays. Larvae and juveniles with small digitiform hyoid barbel on the throat. (Ref. 86949) Also Ref. 245.
Greek, kentron and Latin, centrum = prickle or spine (in addition to the midpoint of a circle ) + Greek, phryne = toad, prickly toad (Ref. 86949)
  Reproductive guild
  Typical activity level
  Main Ref.
  Deep Fin Classification
Osteichthyes | Actinopterygii | Actinopteri | Neopterygii | Teleostei | Osteoglossocephalai | Clupeocephala | Euteleosteomorpha | Neoteleostei | Eurypterygia | Ctenosquamata | Acanthomorphata | Acanthopterygii | Percomorphaceae | Eupercaria | | | Lophiiformes | Ceratioidei | | Centrophrynidae

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[ e.g. 9948]
[ e.g. cephalopods]

Species/Synonymy list for the family Centrophrynidae as currently in FishBase

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The list below must not be used as an authority reference synonymy list like those found in scientific published revisions, which must be the source to be used and cited eventually when they exist.

Rather, it reflects the current content of FishBase, and the progress with respect to synchronization with the Catalog of Fishes. However, we think it can be useful for users to assess the quality of information in FishBase, to start new work on the family, or to cross-check with other lists.

But we appreciate to be cited in publications when this list has been of any working value. In particular, for published scientific, we suggest then to cite it in the Material and Method section as a useful tool to conduct the research, but again, not as a taxonomic or nomenclatural authority reference.

Unless it is explicitly precised, the list is not complete, please search all original names published for the family in the Catalog of Fishes (genera, species), including those with uncertain or unknown status, that are not included in FishBase when they are not attached to a valid species.

This list uses some data from Catalog of Fishes (not shown but used to sort names).

The list ordered as follows:

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Scientifc name Status Senior/Junior synonym Combination
Centrophryne spinulosa Regan & Trewavas, 1932
Rhynchoceratias leucorhinus (non Regan, 1925)
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