Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Exallias: Greek, exallias = strange, marvellous (Ref. 45335). More on author: Kner.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 20 m (Ref. 9710), usually 3 - 8 m (Ref. 58302). Tropical; 30°N - 30°S
Indo-Pacific: Red Sea south to Sodwana Bay, South Africa (Ref. 4404) and east to the Hawaiian, Marquesan, and Society islands, north to the Ryukyu and Bonin islands, south to New Caledonia and Rapa.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 14.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Adults occur on clear coastal reefs, often in bays and semi-exposed habitats (Ref. 48636). Found on the seaward edge of reefs, among corals like Acropora, Pocillopora, Seriatopora, Porites, and Millepora where they feed on coral tissues (Ref. 1602). Benthic (Ref. 58302). Males prepare nesting sites by overgrazing a patch of coral (Ref. 9710). Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 3063 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01995 (0.00906 - 0.04395), b=3.01 (2.83 - 3.19), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.3 ±0.4 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (25 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 94.2 [54.7, 164.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.64 [0.37, 1.16] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.3 [18.1, 20.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.169 [0.100, 0.283] g/100g ; Selenium = 25 [12, 51] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 130 [41, 430] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.23 [0.80, 1.87] mg/100g (wet weight);