Elasmobranchii (sharks and rays) > Squaliformes
(Sleeper and dogfish sharks) > Etmopteridae
Etymology: Etmopterus: Greek, ethmos, -ou = sieve or ethmoides bone + Greek, pteron = wing, fin (Ref. 45335); joungi: Named for Dr. Shoou-Jeng Joung, National Taiwan Ocean University.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-oceanic; depth range 300 - ? m (Ref. 86885). Deep-water
Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 32 - 40.6 cm
Max length : 40.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 86885); 45.6 cm TL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
This species is distinguished by the following characters: short preoral snout 8.0% TL (8.2-8.7); broad and strongly arched mouth; upper teeth differ from lower teeth with each tooth in first functional row with single median cusp and flanked by one or two lateral cusplets on either side; lower teeth in single series, forming blade-like edge with slender, non-erect cusps; relatively short head, 15.9% TL (15.3-16.0); dermal denticles truncate, low, with block-like crowns, irregularly arranged over majority of body, extending onto dorsal fins; pectoral to pelvic fin space large, 29.0% TL (25.3-27.30); very narrow pectoral fins, posterior portion square-shaped, posterior margin acutely angular at anterior and inner margins, with no expanded corners of fins; second dorsal fin located relatively posteriorly along body, second dorsal fin spine long and strongly recurved, 0.5 (0.3-0.5) into dorsal fin height; interdorsal space about three times distance between first dorsal fin spine origin and pectoral fins; inconspicuous suprapelvic flank marking lacking posterior branch; dorsal caudal fin margin short, 15.4% TL (15.3-19.4); posterior end of lateral line becoming open groove, with the ventral edge darkly colored; caudal fin short; monospondylous vertebrae 48 (38-41), diplospondylous vertebrae 17 (21-24), dorso-caudal vertebrae 24 (22-25), and total vertebrae 89 (84-88); spiral valve with 11 turns; color in life dusky grey dorsally, black to dark grey ventrally (Ref. 86885).
Occurs along the upper continental slope and caught by bottom trawl at a depth greater than 300m. Sexual maturity in males likely achieved between 31.9 and 40.6 cm TL, and in females, larger than 45.6 cm TL. A cymothiod isopod Elthusa raynaudi was found attached to the roof of the mouth of the holotype (normally occurs in the gill chambers of fishes) (Ref. 86885).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Knuckey, J.D.S., D.A. Ebert and G.H. Burgess, 2011. Etmopterus joungi n. sp., a new species of lanternshark (Squaliformes: Etmopteridae) from Taiwan. aqua, Int. J. Ichthyol. 17(2): 61-72. (Ref. 86885)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00380 (0.00178 - 0.00811), b=3.08 (2.89 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (36 of 100) .